The Second Generation[edit | edit source]

The second generation of human rights are based on the principles of social justice and public obligation—they tend to be “positive” rights, based on continental European conceptions of liberty as equality. This generation of human rights developed through those who had a strong desire for the state to provide protection for its neediest inhabitants via providing relief to the less fortunate. This second generation of rights has since evolved into what are now known as “social” or “economic” rights.

Important examples of second generation rights include:

1)The right to just and favorable conditions of work
2)The right of protection against unemployment
3)The right to equal work for equal pay
4)The right to rest and leisure as an employee
5)The right to reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic paid holidays
6)The right to free elementary education
7)The right to higher education equally accessible to all via merit
8)The right to education which promotes tolerance and understanding
9)The right to food, clothing, housing, medical care, and necessary social services
10)The right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age
11)The right to special care and assistance for mothers and children
12)The right to enjoy remuneration and standards of living adequate for the health, well-being, and dignity of citizens and their families
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